Tolls, tips and driving advice
Drinking and driving: Strictly forbidden, nil percentage of alcohol allowed in drivers blood.
Driving licence: Minimum age at which a visitor may drive a temporarily imported car and / or motorcycle 18. National driving licenses which bear the photo of the holder are recognized for three months but an International Driving Permit is recommended. An International Driving Permit is compulsory for licenses not incorporating a photograph.
Fines: The police can fine motorists and demand payment on the spot for minor traffic offences.
Fuel: Unleaded petrol (80, 92, 95 & 98 octane), diesel (Solyarka) and LPG are available. No leaded petrol. Up to 20 liters of fuel can be imported free of duty if held in a metal container (must be declared on entry). Credit cards are accepted at large filling stations; check with your card issuer for usage in Belarus before travel.
Lights: Vehicles must use lights in poor visibility and when towing or being towed.
Motorcycles: Wearing of crash helmets is compulsory. It is compulsory to use dipped headlights at all times.
Motor Insurance: Third party insurance is compulsory, fully comprehensive insurance is recommended. Green Card compulsory. Short term insurance is available at the border.
Passengers/Children in cars: Child under 12 cannot travel as front seat passenger. Children under the age of 12 must be seated in a suitable child restraint system.
Seat belts: Compulsory for front seat occupants to wear seat belts, if fitted.
Speed limits: The signs indicating speed limits must be strictly adhered to. Standard legal limits, which may be varied by signs for private vehicles without trailers: In residential zones 20km/h, in built-up areas 60 km/h, outside built-up areas 90 km/h and up to 110 km/h or 120 km/h in signed areas on different sections of the Brest-Moscow motorway. All motorists who have held a driving license for less than two years must not exceed 70 km/h.
N/A - Compulsory equipment information is not available at this time
Other rules/requirements in Belarus
A road tax is payable at the frontier. State Traffic Inspectorate officials will stop vehicles to check documents, especially if they are displaying foreign plates. Motorists entering Belarus are advised to ignore ‘private facilitators’ who offer to help travelers pass through checkpoints and border crossings.
It is recommended that visitors carry an assortment of spares for their vehicles such as fan belt, replacement bulbs and spark plugs.
It is against the law to drive a dirty car and to use a mobile phone while driving.
Radar detectors are strictly prohibited.
It is advisable to pre-plan itineraries and book accommodation before departure.
All foreign visitors are required to purchase health insurance on arrival.
Poor road signs exist between small towns.
Winter tyres are not a compulsory requirement, however they are highly recommended. All year tyres and snow chains may be used instead of winter tyres.
A small fee/tax is levied on visiting motorists on the road M1/E30 Brest-Minsk-Russian border.
Feasibility studies have been carried out on the introduction of an electronic road tolling system in Belarus as part of their road modernization scheme. The M-5 road section between Minsk and Bobrujsk is due to be the first toll in Belarus where an electronic tolling will apply. Following this, the Government plans to gradually introduce electronic tolling on most main roads, as they are upgraded.
The tolling system will include various types of equipment, such as (i) on-road tolling equipment, (ii) specialized vehicles and equipment for control purposes, (iii) a centralized data processing center, (iv) software and computers, and (v) on-board devices for vehicles. The proposed technology should allow for a high-speed free flow tolling system with active radio-frequency identification tags of 5.8 GHz (European Standard) and automatic detection of vehicle classes and the tariffs to be applied.